Pathways In direction of Sustainable Meals Techniques in Occasions of Crises

G7 Agriculture Ministers’ Communiqué

BERLIN, Could 14, 2022 /CNW/ – 1. We, the G7 Agriculture Ministers, met in Stuttgart on Could 13-14 2022 to handle the worldwide challenges that the agricultural sector faces as we speak by taking concrete actions to contribute to all Sustainable Improvement Targets (SDGs).  

2. Recalling our Assertion adopted on 11 March at our extraordinary assembly on Ukraine, we’re appalled by and condemn the Russian Federation’s large-scale, unprovoked and unjustified battle of aggression towards the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine, enabled by the Belarusian Authorities. We condemn within the strongest phrases the appalling atrocities dedicated by Russian armed forces in Bucha and different Ukrainian cities and we’re deeply saddened by the devastating human losses and struggling. We proceed to face in full solidarity with Ukraine and the Ukrainian individuals.   

3. We’re enormously troubled by the anticipated severe penalties for world meals safety and diet brought on by the Russian battle of aggression towards Ukraine. Its affect on Ukraine’s internationally vital agricultural sector locations world meals safety and diet below extreme pressure, and additional intensifies worldwide humanitarian wants for which President Putin and his accomplices bear the complete duty. The battle has intensified stress on world meals techniques, that are already going through the rising impacts of local weather change, environmental degradation, different conflicts and the COVID-19 pandemic, resulting in an extra rise in starvation and all types of malnutrition. This extreme state of affairs is being exacerbated by export restrictions. We observe with nice concern the extreme results that the latest excessive in costs for agricultural commodities, exacerbated by the battle in Ukraine, is having on the financial state of affairs, particularly of weak individuals, and therefore on entry to wholesome diets, particularly in creating nations. Moreover, power and freight costs are rising manufacturing prices all alongside the meals chain. Provide disruptions and excessive costs for fertilisers and different inputs, lowering their affordability and due to this fact use, with the seemingly ensuing decline in harvests in lots of nations, will put extra stress on world meals safety and diet. Elevated dangers of animal illnesses ensuing from the battle are additionally putting extra pressure on farmers. We reiterate our assist for the selections taken by the Particular Session of the FAO Council of 8th April on the affect of the UkraineRussia battle on world meals safety and associated issues.

4. Conscious of the pressing want to handle these challenges, we decide to take quick and ongoing motion to react to the results of the Russian battle of aggression in Ukraine. We commit to assist make sure the meals provide to the Ukrainian individuals and assist Ukrainian farmers in having access to important inputs together with gas, fertilisers, feed and seeds, and in producing enough, protected and nutritious meals. We may also help Ukraine in resuming their agricultural exports. 

5. We commit to observe enter and meals costs, that are anticipated to rise on account of Russian’s aggression towards Ukraine. On this context, we name upon the G20 Agricultural Market Data System (AMIS), FAO and the Organisation for Financial Cooperation and Improvement (OECD) to offer related evaluation and suggestions, particularly in respect of the meals safety impacts, meals worth volatility and meals inventory ranges. We decide to attempt to broaden the AMIS donor base with a purpose to safe technique of financing this initiative. We emphasise the need to observe the enter markets extra intently. We decide to working with our colleagues within the G20 to offer well timed information, and full and clear data, and name upon different AMIS members to take action as effectively. We’re offering extra monetary sources to AMIS on a voluntary foundation to facilitate, particularly, prolonged fertiliser market monitoring, and we encourage different nations to take action. 

6. We decide to take fast, efficient and non-distorting measures, as vital, to stabilise and allow the graceful functioning of markets and thus to safe meals provides and keep away from extreme stockpiling of meals which might result in additional worth will increase. We’re addressing plant diet wants, given the problem of excessive fertiliser costs and provide disruptions. Furthermore, we’re dedicated to working collectively on stabilising commerce guidelines on the twelfth Ministerial Convention of the WTO with a purpose to guarantee meals safety.  

7. We notably condemn export restrictions imposed by Russia that use meals and enter export restrictions for geostrategic causes and deprive world markets of Ukraine’s vital manufacturing, compounding additional world meals insecurity. We are going to proceed to keep away from any unjustified restrictive measures on exports that would exacerbate the will increase in meals and enter worth volatility already seen on worldwide markets, and that would thereby threaten the continued restoration of all sides of world meals provide chains and, extra broadly, meals safety and diet. The affect of Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has precipitated vital dangers to world meals safety and diet and we are going to work collectively to drive constructive outcomes, together with on the WTO, to sort out the unjustified use of export restrictions. We may also combat towards any speculative behaviour that endangers meals safety or entry to nutritious meals for weak nations or populations. 

8. Whereas reacting to the present vital challenges, we explicitly decide to proceed our work in the direction of sustainable and resilient agriculture and meals techniques. On this context, we assist the work of all related multilateral organisations, together with the World Meals Programme (WFP), the Meals and Agriculture Organisation (FAO), the Worldwide Fund for Agricultural Improvement (IFAD), the Committee on World Meals Safety (CFS), and worldwide monetary establishments. Local weather change and biodiversity loss, conflicts, and the Covid-19 pandemic are nonetheless ongoing, are nonetheless affecting livelihoods and, sadly, are reinforcing one another. We warn towards slowing down work on any of those challenges with a purpose to handle brief time period meals crises, as this can have adverse penalties within the medium and long run. We are going to proceed to work with our companions to actively handle the direct affect of the Russian battle and its oblique implications on nations and assist Ukraine rebuild a resilient agricultural sector.  

9. We assist the “World Disaster Response Group on Meals, Vitality and Finance” led by the UN Secretary-Common that brings all related stakeholders to the desk. The G7 intends to behave as champions of this course of along with like-minded nations and encourages the group to behave swiftly and in a clear method. We welcome the G7 Leaders emphasis on meals safety and diet, who said that “we are going to handle the trigger and penalties of the worldwide meals disaster by way of a World Alliance for Meals Safety, as our joint initiative to make sure momentum and coordination, and different efforts. We are going to intently cooperate with worldwide companions and organisations past the G7, with the purpose of reworking political commitments into concrete actions as deliberate by varied worldwide initiatives such because the Meals and Agriculture Resilience Mission (FARM) and key regional outreach initiatives, together with in the direction of African and Mediterranean nations.” 

10. We stress the central position of the agricultural sector in nourishing a rising world inhabitants and attaining full implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Improvement. We’re satisfied that the continued transformation to sustainable meals techniques, recognising the three pillars of sustainability, domestically and internationally, is prime for attaining world meals safety and diet. On this regard, we welcome the UN Secretary-Common’s assertion of motion on the 2021 UN Meals Techniques Summit, which advocated ending starvation and all types of malnutrition and constructing sustainable, resilient and inclusive meals techniques, and we be aware of the Nationwide, Unbiased and World Dialogues and Coalitions of Motion in addition to the implementation of Nationwide Pathways. 

11. The G7 commits to point out worldwide management and ambition find pathways in the direction of sustainable meals techniques, responding to the agricultural disaster brought on by the battle in Ukraine, and in investing responsibly sooner or later. We decide to take decisive, coordinated, cross-sectoral and collective motion for the progressive realisation of the best to satisfactory meals within the context of nationwide meals safety in addition to to boost requirements of dwelling for farmers, together with by way of assist to creating nations by way of related insurance policies and programmes. We thus need to sustainably improve agricultural productiveness and manufacturing and the resilience of agricultural ecosystems. Meals loss and waste and the promotion of balanced and wholesome diets also needs to be addressed. We recognise that there isn’t any one-size-fits-all strategy and that native situations should be taken into consideration.  

12. We decide to continued engagement with and assist of the UN Meals Techniques Summit aims. On this respect, we decide to proceed to maneuver in the direction of better use of insurance policies to advertise sustainable manufacturing whereas respecting WTO guidelines. These insurance policies embody enhanced mitigation efforts and adaptation to local weather change, the safety of the setting, the halting of biodiversity loss and the promotion of wholesome diets. To this finish, we are going to decide to combine these aims in agriculture and meals insurance policies. Recalling commitments made by G7 Leaders below the UK’s Presidency in 2021, we look ahead to additional evaluation to evaluate the results of agricultural insurance policies and incentives on the setting, particularly on biodiversity and local weather, with the purpose of constant to advertise insurance policies that contribute to sustainable improvement objectives, and to take motion, as applicable, to ship nature constructive outcomes. 

13. A powerful and inclusive multi-stakeholder strategy is essential for reworking meals techniques. On this regard, we welcome the collaborative work within the Committee on World Meals Safety (CFS) and its varied units of voluntary tips, suggestions and rules. We spotlight the necessity for shut collaboration and coordination between the CFS and IFAD. We name on the CFS to work inside its mandate on food-security and diet challenges associated to local weather change mitigation, adaptation and biodiversity loss. This work ought to handle the wants of smallholders, together with earnings alternatives, in addition to ladies’s basic contribution as farmers and staff, whereas avoiding all types of discrimination.  

14. We recognise the position that meals techniques and land-use change play as drivers of local weather change. On the identical time, we acknowledge the actual vulnerability of agriculture, forestry, fisheries and aquaculture to the impacts of local weather change. We reconfirm our dedication to the complete and swift implementation of the Paris Settlement. We intend to completely play our half in urgently implementing the Glasgow Local weather Pact. We intend to accentuate current efforts to extend local weather adaptation practices to offer enough, protected, wholesome and nutritious diets for all. We decide to scale up efforts to attain internet zero greenhouse fuel emissions as quickly as potential, and by 2050 on the newest. We decide to proceed to scale up sectoral motion within the agricultural and land-use sectors to maintain 1.5 ° C inside attain. We due to this fact commit to advertise local weather mitigation measures by fostering strategies of sustainable and climate-smart agriculture, together with methane-reduction practices, the sustainable administration of forests and the discount of power consumption. On this regard, we recall the outcomes of the UNFCCC COP 26, and emphasise, particularly, our widespread dedication to the Glasgow Leaders’ Declaration on Forests and Land Use. We look ahead to additional discussions inside and past the Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture and respective initiatives on future options for local weather change adaptation and mitigation.  

15. We’re conscious that agriculture and biodiversity are strongly interrelated. Whereas agriculture can contribute considerably to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, inappropriate agricultural practices are one of many main drivers of world biodiversity loss. We underline and champion sustainable agricultural productiveness development, natural farming, agroecology and different modern approaches, and different biodiversity-friendly practices, which may help preserve and enhance world biodiversity. The accountable and sustainable use of pesticides, together with lowering dangers from pesticides and built-in pest administration, supplies a pivotal contribution to biodiversity. We decide to preserve agricultural biodiversity, together with conventional varieties and species of cultivated vegetation and animals and pollinators in addition to soil well being. We commit to advertise and swiftly implement an bold, efficient post-2020 world biodiversity framework with sturdy objectives and targets to be agreed by events at CBD COP 15.2

16. We commit to advertise the environment friendly and sustainable administration of vitamins in agriculture, together with lowering the lack of vitamins to the setting, nutrient recycling and the built-in use of fertilisers from natural matter. We are going to decide to assist environment friendly and accountable use of fertilisers that’s geared to the nutrient wants of crops, timber, pastures and grassland, whereas lowering nutrient losses, mitigating local weather change and halting and reversing biodiversity loss. 

17. We reaffirm our dedication to implement the One Well being Method to speed up the worldwide combat towards Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) in agriculture and meals techniques. We decide to take motion to scale back the necessity for and pointless use of antimicrobials with a purpose to stop, scale back and handle organic threats and dangers to agriculture, meals techniques and human well being. We recognise the significance of antimicrobial stewardship within the meals chain as a basic a part of safeguarding human, animal and environmental well being. We welcome and commit to stick to and apply the Codex Alimentarius “Tips on Built-in Monitoring and Surveillance of Foodborne Antimicrobial Resistance” (CXG 94-2021) and the “Code of Observe to Minimise and Comprise Foodborne Antimicrobial Resistance” (CXC 61-2005) as essential steps in the direction of lowering AMR in keeping with the One Well being strategy. As a part of the implementation of those tips, we decide to both set up or improve current nationwide built-in monitoring and surveillance techniques in our respective nations for antimicrobial resistance and antimicrobial use. This contains, as applicable, utilizing information from human and veterinary drugs, agriculture, crop manufacturing, animal manufacturing and environmental sampling, enhancing the science and proof base for danger assessments, and figuring out alternatives for mitigation. We urge the Worldwide Plant Safety Conference (IPPC) to develop requirements on the accountable use of antimicrobials on vegetation or crops for phytosanitary functions. 

18. We spotlight the truth that sustainable manufacturing techniques are an essential issue to preserve people, vegetation and animals wholesome and thus to scale back the burden of AMR and forestall the danger of zoonoses. We are going to take motion on threats and dangers to sustainable meals manufacturing techniques, together with zoonotic illnesses, animal pathogens, plant pests and pathogens and invasive alien species. We are going to handle the prevalence and transmission of unique and endemic illnesses amongst food-producing animals. We welcome and encourage the work, based mostly on science and danger evaluation, of the Quadripartite organisations (OIE, FAO, WHO and UNEP) in addition to the “One Well being Excessive Stage Knowledgeable Panel” to strengthen the implementation of the One Well being strategy with a purpose to stop or fight AMR and rising and endemic zoonotic illnesses and different threats. 

19. We stress that meals loss and waste are an on-going world problem within the transformation to sustainable meals techniques and require pressing and collective actions. We acknowledge that the discount of meals loss and waste are essential cross-cutting actions to grasp a number of SDGs, whereas lowering GHG emissions. We renew, particularly, our dedication to halve per capita world meals waste on the retail and shopper ranges and scale back meals losses alongside manufacturing and provide chains, together with post-harvest losses, by 2030. 

20. We acknowledge that truthful, open, clear, predictable, non-discriminatory and rules-based commerce is important for constructing extra resilient meals techniques, for selling meals safety and for making nutritious meals extra reasonably priced and obtainable. We spotlight the significance of clear and predictable commerce insurance policies per World Commerce Organisation (WTO) guidelines. We emphasise the necessity to proceed to discover how sustainability and inclusivity in world commerce may be improved and the way world commerce guidelines may help handle pressing agricultural, meals and sustainability challenges. Additional evaluation of the results of agricultural commerce on biodiversity, the setting and local weather can be helpful to tell local weather and environmentally-friendly commerce insurance policies. We decide to work constructively with different WTO members within the lead-up to the twelfth WTO Ministerial Convention, with a view to attaining a constructive final result, and to reveal our ongoing dedication to aims on local weather change and biodiversity loss. 

21. We underline that world agricultural provide chains contribute to a steady and numerous provide of meals worldwide and are key to making sure world meals safety and diet. We decide to work on making agricultural provide chains diversified, sustainable, environment friendly and resilient, together with at native and regional degree, as this makes an essential contribution to safeguarding the worldwide meals provide, notably in instances of crises and geopolitical instability. 

22. We decide to respect and promote human rights, together with financial, social and cultural rights, alongside agricultural provide chains. With nice concern, we recognise that little one labour, trafficking in individuals, together with pressured labour, exist alongside agricultural provide chains and we decide to work in the direction of eliminating this inhuman and degrading therapy. On this regard, we additionally encourage initiatives that the personal sector and civil society can pursue to fight little one and compelled labour. 

23. We stress that sustainable agricultural provide chains require accountable enterprise conduct (RBC). We recall the 2021 G7 Commerce Ministers’ Assertion on Compelled Labour and the dedication to boost predictability and transparency for companies by selling current worldwide steerage on human rights due diligence, together with accountable recruitment practices. We decide to take motion for higher dissemination and utility of the OECD-FAO Steerage for Accountable Agricultural Provide Chains by business as a complete worldwide framework. We name on multi-stakeholders, business and certification initiatives within the agricultural provide chain to align with this steerage and different worldwide tips and rules on RBC. We acknowledge the work to evaluate alignment that’s being carried out by the OECD and supported with tool-development by the Worldwide Commerce Centre (ITC) with a purpose to enhance such initiatives. 

24. In view of the challenges posed by the local weather disaster, biodiversity loss, deforestation and land degradation, we emphasise the utmost significance of sustainable and clear world agricultural provide chains. As main economies, we acknowledge our sturdy position in world markets and in encouraging extra sustainable consumption and manufacturing. Rising demand for sustainable merchandise and sustainable consumption patterns facilitated by well-functioning markets can assist efforts by producers and companies to shift to sustainable manufacturing patterns. We acknowledge the position that household farmers, fishers and smallholders can play in contributing to sustainable agricultural provide chains, together with on the native degree, and commit to advertise better inclusiveness, notably of girls, youth and weak populations, in our insurance policies. We commit to advertise the continued transition to sustainable agricultural provide chains. 

25. Forests play a necessary position within the agricultural provide chain by way of their multi-functional position within the setting. We’re due to this fact involved about world deforestation and forest degradation, particularly deforestation pushed by agricultural growth. We recall our commitments to the UN Strategic Plan for Forests and its six World Forest Targets.  Everlasting forest loss poses a serious risk to local weather, biodiversity and soils, and consequently additionally to meals safety and diet. Due to this fact, we commit to advertise consumption of legally harvested wooden merchandise produced from sustainably managed forests. We commit to extend our assist for sustainable provide chains that decouple agricultural manufacturing from deforestation and forest degradation. We decide to work collaboratively, sharing finest practices and exploring approaches, together with by strengthening governance, transparency and capacity-building to assist our aim of halting forest loss. We purpose to attain this aim by way of sustainable provide chains for agricultural commodities to advance world deforestation mitigation objectives. We underline the significance of, and our readiness for, dialogue with different shopper and producer nations, the personal sector and all related stakeholders with a purpose to work in the direction of joint options alongside entire provide chains in keeping with WTO guidelines. As such, we are going to have interaction in worldwide processes and initiatives to pursue approaches to fight deforestation, such because the Forest, Agriculture and Commodity Commerce (FACT) Dialogue and different related initiatives, working with producers and shoppers to assist the shift to sustainable provide chains. We admire OECD-FAO’s ongoing work on the Handbook for Enterprise on Deforestation, Forest Degradation and Due Diligence in Agricultural Provide Chains. 

26. We observe that there are completely different guidelines, voluntary tips and private-sector requirements addressing accountable agricultural provide chains. We acknowledge the chance to work in the direction of coherent understanding and complementary approaches whereas recognising completely different nationwide circumstances. The idea must be to look to current authoritative requirements and tips on accountable enterprise conduct from OECD and others with a purpose to drive coherence. We welcome the Presidency’s initiative to fee the OECD to compile a list of the G7 voluntary and obligatory Due Diligence measures for sustainable agricultural provide chains. As a part of this mapping, the OECD will look at different relevant environmental, social and human rights requirements. It will embody contemplating potential unintended results, notably on smallholder farmers in producer nations. Based mostly on the stock, prevailing components and desires may then be recognized to strengthen the standard and, the place potential, coherence of G7 coverage measures to advertise sustainable provide chains. 

27. We emphasise the significance of selling sustainable land and water administration practices that improve ecosystem providers, enhance local weather change mitigation and adaptation and advance the conservation of biodiversity. We commit, the place applicable, to advertise Nature-based Options respecting social and environmental safeguards in our agricultural and wider land administration practices, recognising their co-benefits for agricultural and meals manufacturing resilience, local weather, nature, well being and folks. 

28. We mentioned our present programmes for soil carbon sequestration and the respective alternatives and challenges. Actions for enhanced carbon sequestration are an strategy that helps a metamorphosis to sustainable land administration that improves local weather stewardship and meals safety, strengthens biodiversity conservation and will on the identical time improve agricultural productiveness and create a supply of earnings for farmers. We highlighted alternatives to construct partnerships and supply financing for adjusting land administration practices with a purpose to attain our local weather and biodiversity objectives and to assist efforts to take care of and construct soil natural matter. We recognise the significance of avoiding soil air pollution and sustaining or rising soil natural matter, particularly the a number of advantages for soil well being which embody soil biodiversity, water retention, diminished soil degradation and elevated resilience, and commit to advertise and implement nationwide insurance policies accordingly. 

29. Throughout our discussions, we additionally recognised that carbon sequestration practices for offsetting greenhouse fuel emissions gave rise to challenges reminiscent of, inter alia, guaranteeing long-term carbon storage and avoiding leakage results, double counting and potential adverse impacts on biodiversity, water and soils. These should be addressed to make sure efficient implementation, together with for smallholder farmers. 

30. We affirm the need for minimal standards and verifiable procedures for carbon elimination certification. We pledge that efforts for enhanced carbon sequestration can’t change and should be complementary to the required efforts to scale back greenhouse fuel emissions throughout all sectors. We recognise the significance of bettering monitoring, reporting and verification (MRV) methodologies to precisely account for emissions reductions and removals attributable to sustainable land administration practices per related IPCC methodologies. We welcome the Presidency’s plan to conduct a multilateral workshop for additional trade of scientific background, presumably along with IPCC. 

31. We commit to advertise analysis and innovation to extend the resilience and sustainability of meals techniques, together with by way of dwelling labs approaches, resulting in sustainable manufacturing and elevated agricultural productiveness. We recognise the necessity for elevated private and non-private funding in agricultural analysis and innovation. We additionally commit to boost analysis collaboration and voluntary knowledge-sharing at varied ranges and to attempt to enhance the interface between science and coverage. We recommit to mobilising the worldwide agricultural analysis system to assist the world get better from COVID-19, addressing the challenges of meals safety and diet, the local weather change and biodiversity impacts on and of meals techniques and the affect on world meals safety as a result of present state of affairs in Ukraine. 

32. We advocate that expertise and digital agriculture options could make a vital contribution to attaining sustainable meals techniques. These ought to be developed based mostly on sound science and scaled and carried out in an moral, equitable, accountable and gender-sensitive method. On the identical time, applicable safety of mental property and information privateness must be ensured. These applied sciences and options ought to have in mind the assorted and particular contexts and manufacturing techniques, and contribute positively to biodiversity and local weather change mitigation. We emphasise the necessity for available options which can be accessible and reasonably priced, particularly for smallholder and household farmers, indigenous communities, ladies and youth. We plan to proceed measures to make sure that our farmers have entry to coaching, recommendation and finance. 

33. We thank FAO and OECD for his or her experience and invite them to proceed their engagement on the problems handled within the Communiqué. 

34. We look ahead to the OECD Assembly of Agriculture Ministers on “Constructing Sustainable Agriculture and Meals Techniques in a Altering Atmosphere: Shared Challenges, Transformative Answer” this November. 

35. We admire the work of the German G7 Presidency and look ahead to the work of the Japanese G7 Presidency in 2023. 

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