Fertiliser disaster: Govt will get help of farmer leaders to maneuver from chemical to natural


Amid excessive costs of fertilisers in international market which have upset the federal government’s subsidy plan, Prime Minister Narendra Modi has acquired help from some key farmer leaders similar to Rakesh Tikait, Yogendra Yadav and Atul Anjan on his name to undertake pure/natural farming to avoid wasting the soil.

This will assist the federal government to handle the fertiliser availability in present kharif season as sowing has began with the arrival of monsoon.

The federal government has estimated that fertiliser subsidy on this fiscal might improve to as excessive as ₹2.5-lakh crore towards the Price range Estimate (BE) of ₹1.05-lakh crore. The fertiliser subsidy outgo was raised to ₹1.40-lakh crore within the revised estimate from ₹79,529.68 crore in BE throughout 2021-22. Even Modi not too long ago had stated that the subsidy was going to be greater than ₹2-lakh crore this yr. Final yr, the Union authorities gave a subsidy of ₹1.60-lakh crore in fertilisers in order that the farmers don’t face any downside, he had stated.

Excessive costs

Within the final two years, the costs of fertilisers within the international market have elevated rather a lot after the Covid-19 pandemic. On prime of that, the Russia-Ukraine struggle has aggravated the state of affairs because it has not solely restricted the provision but additionally elevated the costs manifold.

The worldwide value of urea in April was $631/tonne — 66 per cent larger from year-ago and DAP was additionally 66 per cent larger at $924 whereas MoP surged 116 per cent to $590. Although costs of all these fertilisers have reportedly additional elevated in Could, no Indian firms are getting into into contract for DAP import above April stage as they could not get authorities subsidy past that stage and additional improve in costs might cripple their gross sales.

Going natural

At a roundtable organised by net portal Rural Voice and Socrates Basis in New Delhi on Could 31, spokesman of Bharatiya Kisan Union (BKU) Rakesh Tikait, whereas supporting natural and pure farming, stated the nation has to maneuver in direction of “such a farming through which using fertilisers and water is much less.” He stated it was BKU which for the primary time instructed Uttarakhand to be declared as natural State, a lot earlier than Sikkim acquired that distinction. Tikait additionally stated that BKU has instructed Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh governments to type a Bundelkhand Natural Board.

All India Kisan Sabha common secretary and senior CPI chief Atul Anjan stated: “chemical fertilisers could also be dangerous to the physique however for the time being there isn’t any various to them. However, natural farming needs to be promoted by the federal government. It appears the federal government coverage is influenced by fertiliser firms because the allocation to advertise natural farming could be very low.”

Yogendra Yadav of Jai Kisan Andolan stated as there isn’t any time left to do a lot for the kharif season, the federal government should take speedy measures. Nonetheless, as a medium-term measure the fertiliser subsidies needs to be straight paid to farmers, as an alternative of present follow of giving these to industries, he stated including with none situations the help needs to be paid to precise farmers primarily based on data. Yadav additionally favoured natural farming saying on account of soil and water degradation it’s time to come out of the Inexperienced Revolution mindset.

VM Singh of Rashtriya Kisan Mazdoor Sangathan stated there’s a must progressively scale back using chemical fertilisers in irrigated areas. “Organics don’t get precedence within the insurance policies of the federal government. How lengthy will we be within the grip of imported fertilisers,” he requested and instructed urea to be sprayed straight into the fields after making an answer with water.

Different leaders who additionally favoured promotion of natural and pure farming embrace Rampal Jat of Kisan Mahapanchayat, Rajaram Tripathi of the Alliance of Indian Farmers’ Associations and Pramod Chaudhary of Bharatiya Kisan Sangh.

Ache factors

Nonetheless, Raju Shetti of Swabhimani Shetkari Sanghatana had a unique view level since he himself had tried natural sugarcane. “Except there may be larger return from natural merchandise , the farmers can be at loss on account of decrease yield,” he stated. Stating that natural farming can result in a meals disaster, Shetti cited his personal expertise and stated sugarcane productiveness was 30-35 tonnes per acre in natural technique towards 70 tonnes utilizing chemical fertilisers whereas there was no purchaser to carry these organically produced sugar at ₹70/kg.

Revealed on

June 01, 2022

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