Delhi Begin-Up’s Photo voltaic-Powered Silk Reeling Machines Are Serving to Rural Ladies Enhance Their Lives

India is the world’s second largest silk producer and through 2020-21 the overall manufacturing within the nation was 33,739 MT.

India can also be the one nation producing all of the 5 recognized business silks, particularly, mulberry, tropical tasar, oak tasar, eri and muga.

Based on trade information, India exported silk merchandise value round Rs. 1418.97 crores in 2020-21.


Silk yarn manufacturing, a backbreaking job 

However it’s not all glitters for everybody who’s concerned within the manufacturing of the ‘queen of textiles’.

In India, the underside finish of the worth chain the place the silk yarn is produced is essentially unorganised and is dominated by rural ladies.

These yarns made by the tens of millions of rural ladies are then used to fabricate a number of the finest silk clothes on the earth.

Silk Saree Manufacturing

However the rural ladies from Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, West Bengal, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Jharkhand, Bihar and Tamil Nadu who’re concerned within the backbreaking work of creating the yarns hardly earn sufficient to maintain themselves.

Most of them use the ‘thigh reeling’ course of which is labour intensive and fewer productive.

Thigh silk reeling entails the ladies sitting cross-legged, drawing 5 to six filaments from cocoons on their thighs and twisting it with their left hand.  

thigh reeling
Resham Sutra

As one can think about, this isn’t an efficient approach and the ladies hardly produce 70 grams of 70 denier yarn per day, which might earn them lower than Rs 100 for his or her work.

Along with this, thigh reeling may also trigger accidents together with cuts and wounds whereas reeling, and the method can take a toll on their again and legs in the long run.

Witnessing the battle led to seek for a machine

It’s this realisation that made a textile industrialist innovate machines that can do the identical job, with higher effectivity.

Kunal Vaid from Delhi got here from a household that was concerned within the textile trade. After finishing a Bachelor of Engineering in Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering from Delhi Faculty of Engineering and an MBA, Vaid joined his household enterprise Needlepointe Textile Merchandise.

Kunal Vaid
Resham Sutra

Throughout his, practically a decade working with Needlepointe, the agency had shaped an settlement with Jharkhand Authorities to market the world’s first natural licensed silk merchandise from the state.

Nevertheless because the manufacturing was fairly gradual, Vaid determined to go to the villages in Jharkhand to grasp the rationale for the bottlenecks in manufacturing. That was his first publicity to the acute agony and drudgery that rural ladies needed to undergo to make Tassar Silk yarn.

“The ladies would sit exterior their homes, roll the thread on their thighs all the day and find yourself making Rs 30-40. I used to be pained to see the struggles they needed to undergo. I felt that there needs to be a greater means to do that and requested myself why these cannot be finished by machines,” Vaid informed Indiatimes.

After returning to Delhi, Vaid put his engineering abilities to make use of and developed a prototype machine that may do reeling higher.

Resham Sutra

Challenges in making the machine

His greatest problem was energy – since Tassar Silk is produced by silkworms dwelling in wild timber, the yarn-making course of was carried out by ladies who lived in villages adjoining the forests the place the electrical energy was non-existent or inconsistent at finest.

“We could not rely on electrical energy to run these machines. That’s the reason we determined to go along with photo voltaic. Within the subsequent one-and-a-half years we developed our machine, took suggestions from the ladies, and made modifications based mostly on their wants,” Vaid mentioned.

Based on Vaid, his solar-powered reeling machine was 5-6 occasions simpler than the guide course of.   

“Their preliminary response was disbelief – they could not consider that such a small machine may do what we have been promising. So we requested some ladies to attempt our machines for 15 days. We additionally held a three-day camp for the ladies to attempt our machine and even provided them a mortgage. Together with the photo voltaic panel, the machine prices Rs 25,000 and we provided them loans as much as 90% of the associated fee. By the tip of the three-day camp, we had some 100 ladies standing in queue to purchase the machines,” he mentioned.

Resham Sutra

Resham Sutra’s journey     

What began as a aspect challenge for Vaid alongside along with his household enterprise has now developed into an unbiased start-up and Resham Sutra now has a presence in 16 states throughout India.

Resham Sutra can also be one of many 6 firms chosen for the ‘Powering Livelihoods’ program collectively run by the Council On Vitality, Setting, and Water (CEEW) and Villgro Improvements Basis.

Resham Sutra additionally obtained help from the Central Silk Board which is now providing a subsidy for anybody to purchase these machines.

Over time, Resham Sutra’s portfolio has additionally grown and right this moment the startup has 11 machines which can be utilized in varied levels of silk manufacturing.

“We now have totally different machines for all 4 kinds of silk in India. We even have solar-powered looms for weaving. Our yarn-spinning machines are vitality environment friendly and based mostly on about 15-20 watts. Compared, a standard machine will take round 300 watts of energy. Our photo voltaic loom works on 100 watts energy, when a standard loom consumes 500 watts,” Vaid mentioned.

Resham Sutra

Higher lives, greener tomorrow 

Based on Vaid, Resham Sutra’s improvements have immediately impacted over 12,000 households to this point by bettering their productiveness and revenue.

Along with this, by working on solar energy, the machines have collectively decreased Inexperienced Home Gasoline emissions by round 6,000 tons every year.  

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